The Winery
The Cherries
Principles in Planting a Vineyard

Good wine starts from the ground up


The Hebron area has been known since the time of the Bible as a place of vineyards and winemakers; since antiquity it has been famous for its superb wine grapes. The Bible mentions the grapes of Hebron for the especially strong impression that they made, due to their exceptional size, on the spies whom Moses sent to the Land of Israel. Indeed, wine was an important source of livelihood for the inhabitants of ancient Judea; Judean wine was sought after throughout the Middle East in the biblical and mishnaic eras.

Many archeological remnants of ancient wineries and wine casks have been found in the South Hebron hills, demonstrating the centrality of the wine industry there and in the Judean upland generally. Excavations at Tel Hebron unearthed shards of ancient wine casks stamped with the emblem of the Kingdom of Judea (700 BCE) and the inscription “To the King of Hebron.” The Livni family adopted this emblem as the logo of its wine, blending the old and the new in this Israeli product of Hebron.

Calev’s Field

Calev’s Field is one of the first farms in Judea. It is located east of Hebron on land purchased by Jews in 1936 and officially recorded as Jewish.

At Calev’s Field, the Livni family grows high-quality wine grapes—Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz (Syrah), and Pinot noir—and seven varieties of cherries. The grapes are grown using a special trellising method, with attention to treatment of the soil, lighting, ventilation, and ambient conditions. The wine is made only from grapes grown at Calev’s Field.

The location enjoys unique natural conditions: 900 m. above sea level, deep wadi soil, large differences in temperature between day and night, snow and biting cold in the winter, and dry desert in summer—a classic terroir for the production of red gourmet wines.

Terroir, Soil, and Climate

The wine is produced from the vineyards of Calev’s Field, an area covered with deep terra-rossa wadi soil, 875 m. above sea level, east of the watershed and abutting the Judean Desert. In winter, temperatures fall below 0 degrees Celsius and snow falls. Summers are warm and dry in the manner of the Judean Desert, with temperature spreads of 10–15 degrees Celsius between day and night. The vineyards are situated near and in a cherry orchard, with table grapes, almond trees, and olives not far away.

The Pinot noir vineyard is planted atop limestone at 900 m.

The topsoil is deep-tilled twice a year, allowing dew and air to penetrate in the summer. A strict irrigation regime allows proper balance between the leafy ground cover of the vineyard and the quality of the wine grapes. Pesticides are applied in an integrated method that prevents degradation of the vineyard ecology.

The grapes are picked by hand in the early morning. Production of wine begins several hours later at a winery at Moshav Carmel, a 15-minute drive from the vineyards.

Table-grape trellising is used in some of the vineyards to give the grape clusters optimal ventilation and internal lighting.

The location enjoys unique natural conditions: 900 m. elevation, deep wadi soil, wide temperature spreads between day and night, and snow and biting cold in winter countered by desert aridity in summer—a classic terroir for the production of red gourmet wines.